Sunday, September 20, 2009

Watch Summer Insects In Vegetable Gardens

By Thomas Fryd

Since most evergreens have completed their summer's growth by this time they may be transplanted successfully during this month, provided they are handled quickly with proper sized balls of earth and watered thoroughly in their new locations. If the weather is hot and dry and there is no particular reason for immediate planting, a delay of planting for a few weeks until the arrival of cooler weather is recommended.

Continue to cultivate the vegetable garden to keep down weeds and conserve moisture. If you want to be sorry, just allow a heavy crop of crabgrass to cover the potato patch. At digging time, which in the heartland of America is usually about the middle of this month, you will swear you will never let it happen again. Dig potatoes in the home garden at the first signs of sprouting or rotting.

To Get Seeds Started

If seeds are sown in the garden during this hot, dry weather they will germinate more evenly and quickly and the young plants will make a better start, when a trench is made in each row and the soil is well-soaked before the seeding is done. After the water has soaked in, pull the loose soil into the trench, sow the seeds, cover and firm the soil over the seeds. A thin mulch of peat moss over the seeds will help conserve moisture and protect the young plants.

Do not relax your campaign against insect pests and plant diseases. Watch for summer insects in the vegetable garden. Do not permit the straggling survivors of crops already gathered, such as radishes, lettuce, cauliflower or cabbage, to serve as hosts for feeding insects. Either pull out the old plants and destroy them or keep them well sprayed. It is good practice to remove such plants just as soon as they have become unpalatable and then prepare the ground for a successive crop. Neglected garden space which is intended for cultivation next year should be spaded and kept free from weeds.

Rose Pneumonia

Rose plant care tips: Spray the roses like the desert rose regularly to prevent defoliation from black spot. An abundance of good foliage at the start of the fall blooming period is essential for a nice display of flowers. Rose bushes weakened by summer defoliation from black spot go into the winter with a weak constitution and are apt to succumb to "rose pneumonia" before spring.

Pick up and destroy fallen rose leaves that are probable hosts for black spot. If the faded roses are cut, placed in a paper bag and burned, a larger number of the usual bloom-infesting thrips will be destroyed and also those small, dark-brown beetles that feed down at the base of the petals.

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